Western Pond Turtle Literature

Western Pond Turtle:

Natural History

Literature

Educational Material

Merchandise

A

Abel, Jae. 2010. Western Pond Turtle Summer Habitat Use in a Coastal Watershed. Unpublished M.S. Thesis: San Jose State University. 111 pp.

Agassiz, Louis. 1857. Contributions to the Natural History of the United States of America. First Monograph: Volumes I & II, in three parts – Part I. Essay on Classification; Part II. North American Testudinata; Part III. Embryology of the Turtle; with Thirty-four Plates. Boston, Little, Brown & Co. [Western Pond Turtle Plate]

Allen, Harriet, Derek Stinson, and Kelly McAllister. 1998. Western Pond Turtle Head Starting, Captive Breeding and Reintroduction, 1997. Final Report. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Wildlife Management Program. Project Number: P-1-D-7. 12 pp.

Alvarez, Jeff A. 2006. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle). Refugia. Herpetological Review. 37(3): pp 339-340.

Alvarez, Jeff A. 2006. Use of Artificial Basking Substrate to Detect and Monitor Pacific Pond Turtles (Emys marmorata). Western North American Naturalist. 66(1): pp 129-131.

Alvarez, Jeff. A., Kelly A. Davidson, and Sarah M. Foster. 2014. Actinemys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle). Nest predation. Herpetological Review 45:307–308.

American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZAA). 2002. Woodland Park Adds One to Turtle Recovery Project. Communique: “Significant Efforts in Conservation.” 11: pp 43-44.  http://www.aza.org/Publications/2002/11/Nov2002SigEffortsConservation.pdf

Angielczyk, Kenneth D., Chris D Feldman, and Gretchen R. Miller. 2010. Adaptive Evolution of Plastron Shape in Emydine Turtles. Evolution. 65(2): pp 377-394.

Anonymous. 1870. “The Voice of the Turtle.” Punchinello. September 10th. 1(24): pp 381.

Ashton, Don T. 2007. Actinemys (=Clemmys) marmorata marmorata (Northwestern Pond Turtle) Courtship Behavior. Herpetological Review. 38(3). pp 327-328.

Ashton, Don T., Amy J. Lind and Kary E. Schlick. 1997. Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata). Natural History. Forest Service. Pacific Southwest Research Station. Arcata, CA. 22 pp. http://www.krisweb.com/biblio/gen_usfs_ashtonetal_1997_turtle.pdf

Ashton, Don T., Kary E. Schlick, Nancy E. Karraker, Devin A. Reese, Amy J. Lind and Hartwell H. Welsh. 2001. Ecology and Sampling Methods for the Western Pond Turtle. Forest Service. Pacific Southwest Research Station. Arcata, CA. 59 pp.

Ashton, Don T., Jamie B. Bettaso, and Hartwell H. Welsh Jr. 2011. Comparative Ecology of Western Pond Turtle (Actinemys marmorata) Populations on the Free-Flowing South Fork and Regulated Main Fork Trinity River: Demography, Size and Body Condition Comparisons, Thermal Ecology, and Spatial Dynamics. Final Report to the Trinity River Restoration Program. June 10. 55 pp.

B

Backhouse, Frances. 2000. Wildlife at Risk in British Columbia: Extinct and Extirpated Species. British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Land and Parks. 6 pp. http://wlapwww.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/extinct.pdf

Baird, Spencer F. and Charles Girard. 1852. Descriptions of New Species of Reptiles, Collected by the U.S. Exploring Expedition Under the Command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. First Part. – Including the species from the Western coast of America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 6: pp 174-177.  http://itgmv1.fzk.de/www/itg/uetz/herp/library/PANSP/Baird_Girard_1852_174.pdf

Baird, Spencer F. 1858. United States Exploring Expedition During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Vol. XX. Herpetology: with a Folio Atlas. C. Sherman & Son, Philadelphia, Philadelphia. pp 461-470. [Text – page 461…] [see also Girard 1858]

Baird, Spencer F. 1858. United States Exploring Expedition During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Atlas. Herpetology. C. Sherman & Son, Philadelphia, Philadelphia. [Plate 32 Absent] [see also Girard 1858]

Banta, B.H. 1963. On the Occurrence of Clemmys marmorata (Reptilia: Testudinata) in Western Nevada. Wasmann Journal of Biology. 21(1): pp 75-77.

Barela, Kimberly L. 2012. United States Turtle Mapping Project with a Focus on the Western Pond Turtle (Actinemys marmorata) and the Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta). Unpublished M.S. Thesis: Oregon State University. 61 pp.

Bash, Jeffrey S. 1999. The Role of Wood in the Life Cycle of Western Pond Turtles (Clemmys marmorata). Forest Concepts, LLC. http://www.elwdsystems.com/pdf/bash.pdf

Bettelheim, Matthew P. 2003. Travels with Vinnie. Faultline. http://www.faultline.org/place/2003/02/vinnie1.html

Bettelheim, Matthew P. 2004. The Western Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata… A Natural History of the Species. Longwing Press/Turtlenest in the Park. 27 pp. [details]

Bettelheim, Matthew P. 2005. Notes From Afield. The Wandering Tattler: The San Francisco Bay Area Chapter Newsletter. Winter/Spring 2005. p 1. [pdf]

Bettelheim, Matthew P. 2005. Marmorata: The Famed Mud Turtle of the San Francisco Market. California History. 82(4): pp 26-42.

Bettelheim, Matthew P. 2006. The Contemporary Value of Historical Herpetological Illustrations. Bibliotheca Herpetologica. 6(1): 6-16.

Bettelheim, Matthew P. 2009. Actinemys (=Clemmys) marmorata (Western Pond Turtle). Courtship Behavior. Herpetological Review 40(2): pp 212-213.

Bettelheim, Matthew. 2010. Native Son: Making Room for the Western Pond Turtle. Bay Nature. 10(2): April-June pp 40-44.

Bettelheim, Matthew P. 2011. Art in Herpetology. Herpetological Review 42(3): p 382.

Bettelheim, Matthew. 2011. Western Pond Turtles: Basking in Their Own Resiliency. Outdoor California. 72(2): March-April pp 22-31.

Bettelheim, Matthew P., R. Bruce Bury, Laura C. Patterson, and Glen M. Lubcke. 2006. Trachemys scripta elegans (Red-eared Slider). Reproduction. Herpetological Review 37(4): pp 459-460.

Bettelheim, Matthew P., Christopher H. Thayer, and Dana E. Terry. 2006. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle). Nest Architecture/Predation. Herpetological Review 37(2): pp 213-215.

Bettelheim, Matthew P., Dana E. Terry, and Julia Dunaeva. 2005. A Selective Translation of Alexander Strauch’s “Chenological Studies,” “Global Distribution,” and “Comments” Specific to the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata), Including a Bibliography of his Known Herpetological Works. Bibliotheca Herpetologica. 5(2): pp 10-27. [see Strauch 1862, 1865, 1890]

Betzler, Joseph, Jay Diffendorfer, Scott Fleury, Mary Ann Hawke, Michael Klein, Scott Morrison, Greg Nichols, Thomas Oberbauer, Carlton Rochester, Mark Webb, and Kathy S. Williams. 2003. A Summary of Affected Flora and Fauna in the San Diego County Fires of 2003. Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER) Program Reports. 36 pp. + Appendices. http://www.sdfirerecovery.net/documents/BAER%20Team%20reports/Final%20BAER%20New.pdf [Report] http://www.sdfirerecovery.net/documents/BAER%20Team%20Reports/SppntsBurn.pdf [Table: Initial Assessment of Burn Impacts on Species Occurrences]

Bickham, John W. 1975. A Cytosystematic Study of Turtles in the Genera Clemmys, Mauremys, and Sacalia. Herpetologica. 31(2): pp 198-204.

Bickham, John W., Trip Lamb, Patrick Minx, and John C. Patton. 1996. Molecular Systematics of the Genus Clemmys and the Intergenetic Relationships of Emydid Turtles. Herpetelogica. 52(1): pp 89-97.

Black, Jeffrey Howard and Robert M. Storm. 1970. Notes on the Herpetology of Grant County, Oregon. Great Basin Naturalist 30(1): pp 9-12.

Bohakel, Charles A. 1977. The Indians of Contra Costa County: The Costanoan and Yokuts Indians. P. & H. Publishers: Amarillo, Texas. p 25.

Bondi, Cheryl A., and Sharyn B. Marks. 2013. Differences in Flow Regime Influence the Seasonal Migrations, Body Size, and Body Condition of Western Pond Turtles (Actinemys marmorata) That Inhabit Perennial and Intermittent Riverine Sites in Northern California. Copeia 1:142–153.

Boulenger, George Albert. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History): New Edition. British Museum (Natural History), London. 311 pp.

Brattstrom, Bayard H. 1953. The Amphibians and Reptiles from Rancho La Brea. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 11(14): pp 365-392.

Brattstrom, Bayard H. 1955 Small Herpetofauna from the Pleistocene of Carpinteria, California. Copeia. 2: pp 138-139.

Brattstrom, Bayard H. 1965. Body Temperatures of Reptiles. American Midland Naturalist. 73(2): pp 376-422.

Brattstrom, Bayard H. 1988. Habitat Destruction in California with Special Reference to Clemmys marmorata: A Perspective. pp 13-22. In: H. DeLisle et al. (Eds). Proceedings of the Conference of California Herpetologists. Southwestern Herpetologists Society. Special Publication No. 4.

Brattstrom, Bayard H. and Dean F. Messer. 1988. Current Status of the Southwestern Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata pallida, in Southern California. Final Report to California Department of Fish and Game. Contract C-2044. Sacramento, CA. 62 pp.

Brattstrom, Bayard H. and Ann Sturn. 1959. A New Species of Fossil Turtle from the Pliocene of Oregon, with Notes on the Clemmys from Western North America. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Science. 58(2): pp 65-71.

Brauer, Oscar Lee. 1929. “Turtles” of the West: Concerning a Tortoise that has Speed. Nature Magazine. 14(5): pp 302-303.

Bromham, Lindell. 2002. Molecular Clocks in Reptiles: Life History Influences Rate of Molecular Evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 19(3): pp 302-309. http://www.biols.susx.ac.uk/CSE/members/lbromham/pdfs/Bromham.MBE02.pdf

Browne, John Ross. 1869. Resources of the Pacific Slope: A Statistical and Descriptive Summary of the Mines and Minerals, Climate, Topography, Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures, and Miscellaneous Productions, of the States and Territories West of the Rocky Mountains; with A Sketch of the Settlement and Exploration of Lower California. [by A.S. Taylor] H.H. Bancroft and Co.: p 53. [Text – page 53]

Brown, J. L. 1941. The Story of Kings County California. Lederer, Street & Zeus Company, Inc.: Berkeley, California. pp 104-5.

Brown, Philip R. 1971. The Story of the California Diamondback Terrapin. Herpetology. 5(2): pp 37-38.

Brown, Robert R. and J.E. Richard. 1940. History of Kings County. A.H. Cawston: Hanford, California.

Buhlmann, Kurt A. 1992. Legislation and Conservation Alert. Herpetological Review. 23(1): pp 6-7.

Burgess, Mark E., Teresa M. DeLorenzo, Michael M. Garner, and Andrew John Friedman. 1995. Rehabilitation of 30 Western Pond Turtles Clemmys marmorata Exposed to Diesel Fuel. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference: Effects of Oil on Wildlife, Seattle, WA, April 12-14: pp 15-34.

Burke, Russell L., Thomas E. Leuteritz and Alan J. Wolf. 1996. Phylogenetic Relationships of Emydine Turtles. Herpetologica. 52(4): pp 572-584.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1962. Occurrence of Clemmys m. marmorata in North Coastal California. Herpetologica. 18(4): p 283.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1970. Clemmys marmorata (Baird and Girard) Western Pond Turtle. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetelogists. 100.1-100.3.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1972. Aggressive Behavior in the Pacific Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata. Herpetological Review. 4(4): pp 126.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1972. Habits and Home Range of the Pacific Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata, in a Stream Community. Unpublished PhD Dissertation: University of California at Berkeley. 205 pp.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1972. The Effects of Diesel Fuel on Stream Fauna. California Fish & Game. 58(4): pp 291-295.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1979. Population Ecology of Freshwater Turtles. pp 571-602. In: Harless, M. and H. Murdock (Eds). Turtles: Perspectives and Research. John Wiley and Sons, New York: 695 pp.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1982. Pacific Pond Turtle, Turtle of the Month – Clemmys marmorata, a True Western Turtle (Pacific Pond). Tortuga Gazette. 22(10): pp 3-5.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1986. Feeding Ecology of the Turtle, Clemmys marmorata. Journal of Herpetology. 20(4): pp 515-521.

Bury, R. Bruce. 1986. Pacific Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata. Tortuga Gazette. Reprinted from: Bury, R. Bruce. 1982. Pacific Pond Turtle, Turtle of the Month – Clemmys marmorata, a True Western Turtle (Pacific Pond). Tortuga Gazette. 22(10): pp 3-5. http://www.tortoise.org/archives/pacpond.html

Bury, R. Bruce and Carl H. Ernst. 1977. Clemmys. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. 203:1-2.

Bury, R. Bruce and Dan C. Holland. 1993. Clemmys marmorata (Baird and Girard 1852), Western Pond Turtle. In: Pritchard, P.C.H. and A.G.J. Rhodin, editors. Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles. IUCN Special Publication.

Bury, R. Bruce and David J. Germano. 1998. Annual Deposition of Scute Rings in the Western Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 3(1): pp 108-109.

Bury, R. Bruce, David J. Germano, and Gwendolynn W. Bury. 2010. Population Structure and Growth of the Turtle Actinemys marmorata from the Klamath-Siskiyou Ecoregion: Age, Not Size, Matters. Copeia. 3: pp 443-451.

Bury, R. Bruce and Roger A. Luckenback. 1976. Introduced Amphibians and Reptiles in California. Biological Conservation 10: pp 1-14.

Bury, R. Bruce, Hartwell H. Welsh, David J. Germano, and Donald T. Ashton. 2012. Western Pond Turtle: Biology, Sampling Techniques, Inventory and Monitoring, Conservation and Management. Northwest Fauna 7: 128 pp.

Bury, R. Bruce and Jaclyn H. Wolfheim. 1973. Aggression in Free-living Pond Turtles (Clemmys marmorata). Bioscience 23(11): pp 659-662.

Bury, R. Bruce, Cindy Barkhurst, Rob Horn, Laura Todd, Simon Wray, Rebecca Goggans, Kat Beal, and Norman Sisk. 2000. Western Pond Turtle: Survey Protocol and Monitoring Plan: Draft – Interagency Western Pond Turtle Working Group. 54 pp.

Buskirk, James R. 1983. Clemmys marmorata pallida. Geographic distribution note. Chelonian Documentation Center Newsletter. 2(33): pp 2-4.

Buskirk, James R. 1984. Clemmys marmorata pallida (Southwestern Pond Turtle) – Geographic Distribution Notes. Herpetological Review. 15(2): p 53.

Buskirk, James. 1985. Clemmys marmorata marmorata (Northwestern Pond Turtle). Herpetological Review. 16(4): p 116.

Buskirk, James R. 1990. An Overview of the Western Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata. First International Symposium on Turtles & Tortoises: Conservation and Captive Husbandry, 1990. pp 16-23.

Buskirk, James R. 1990. Clemmys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle) – Geographic Distribution Notes. Herpetological Review. 21(1): p 26.

Buskirk, James R. 2002. L’Emyde marbrée, Emys marmorata (Baird & Girard, 1852) (Reptilia, Chelonii, Emydidae) 1ére Partie. Manouria. 5(15): pp 18-32.

Buskirk, James R. 2002. L’Emyde marbrée, Emys marmorata (Baird & Girard, 1852) (Reptilia, Chelonii, Emydidae) 2nde Partie. Manouria. 5(16): pp 16-31.

Buskirk, James R. 2002. The Western Pond Turtle, Emys marmorata. Radiata. 11(3): pp 3-30. http://pondturtle.com/Buskirk,%20James%20R.%202002.pdf

C

Cagle, Fred R. 1939. A System of Marking Turtles for Future Identification. Copeia. 3: pp 170-173.

California Department of Fish and Game. 1931.California Fish and Game Journal. 17(3).

California Department of Fish and Game. 1931. California Fish and Game Journal. 18(2).

Cameron, Melissa A. and Robert St. Clair. 2002. COSEWIC Status Report on the Pacific Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata in Canada, in COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Pacific Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. 1-77 pp. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/cosewic/sr_pacific_pond_turtle_e.pdf

Carl, C. Clifford. 1968. The Reptiles of British Columbia. British Columbia Provincial Museum, Department of Education: Handbook #3. 3rd Edition. pp 45-46.

Carr, Archie. 1952. Handbook of Turtles: The Turtles of the United States, Canada, and Baja California. Cornell University Press: Ithaca, New York. pp 123-128.

Christensen, Chris. 1973. The Turtle of the Month: The Pacific Pond Turtle. Turtle Power. 2(9): pp 3-5.

Christensen, Chris and Sande Henry. 1973. Reproduction of Captive Pacific Pond Turtles. Turtle Power. 2(11): pp 4-6.

Clark, Steven Lee. 2001. Ecological Observations of Juvenile Head-started Western Pond Turtles (Clemmys marmorata marmorata) in their First Season in the Wild. Unpublished M.S. Thesis: Portland State University. 135 pp.

Clark, Walton H. and John B. Southall. 1920. Fresh-Water Turtles: A Source of Meat Supply. Appendix VII to the Report of the U.S. Commissioner of Fisheries for 1919. Bureau of Fisheries Document No. 889. Washington Printing Office: Washington.

Cochran, Doris M. 1952. Nature’s Tank, the Turtle. National Geographic Magazine. 101(5): pp 665-684.

Coffey, Sara. 2000 (??). Using a Geographic Information System (GIS) to Determine Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata) Nesting Habitat at Aumsville Wetlands, Marion County, Oregon. Senior Thesis: Williamette University. http://publicworks.co.marion.or.us/parks/aumsville/wpt/wpt.asp

Colker, David. 1993. “Slow-growth Turtle Development: Leona Valley Residents Hope that the Apparent Decline of a Local Species Can Help them Rally Support to Prevent a Housing Tract from Changing their Rural Community.” The Los Angeles Times. October 26th.

Collins, Joseph T. and Travis W. Taggart. 2002. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians. Fifth Edition. Publication of The Center for North American Herpetology, Lawrence, Kansas. iv + 44 pp. http://www.cnah.org/

Commissioners of Fisheries of the State of California. 1886. Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Fisheries of the State of California, for 1885-1886, Sacramento, California. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

Congdon, Justin D. and J. Whitfield Gibbons. 1985. Egg Components and Reproductive Characteristics of Turtles: Relationships to Body Size. Herpetologica. 41(2): pp 194-205.

Cook, David G. and Jessica Martini-Lamb. 2004. Distribution and Habitat Use of Pacific Pond Turtles in a Summer Impounded River. Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society. 40: pp 84-89.

Cook, Francis R. 1984. Introduction to Canadian Amphibians and Reptiles. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada. p 110.

Cooper, James Graham. 1859. Route near the Forty-Seventh and Forty-Ninth Parallels, Explored by I. I. Stevens, Governor of Washington. Zoological Report (Report Upon the Reptiles Collected on the Survey) Volume XII, Part III, No. 4. [http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa&idno=AFK4383.0012.003] [Text – page 292] As part of the: Reports of explorations and surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpcoop/moahtml/afk4383.html]

Cooper, James Graham. 1863. New California Animals. A Species New to Science. Proceedings of the California Academy of Natural Sciences. 2(1858-1862): pp 118-121.

Cope, Edward D. 1875. Check-list of the North American Batrachia and Reptilia; with a Systematic List of the Higher Groups, and an Essay on Geographical Distribution Based on the Specimens Contained in the U.S. National Museum. Washington: Government Printing Office. pp 55.

Cowan, Ian McTaggart. 1938. Distribution of Turtles in Coastal British Columbia. Copeia. 2: p 91.

Cronise, Titus Fey. 1868. The Natural Wealth of California. Comprising duly history, geography, topography, and scenery; climate; agriculture and commercial products; geology, zoology, and botany; mineralogy, mines, and mining processes; manufactures; steamship lines, railroads, and commerce; immigration, a detailed description of each county. pp 480-481. [Text – page 480, 481]

Crother, Brian L., Jeff Boundy, Jonathon A. Campbell, Kevin De Quieroz, Darrel Frost, David M. Green, Richard Highton, John B. Iverson, Roy W. McDiarmid, Peter A. Meylan, Tod W. Reeder, Michael E. Seidel, Jack W. Sites, Jr., Stephen G. Tilley, and David B. Wake. 2003. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico: Update. Herpetological Review. 34(3): pp 196-203.

Crump, Donald E., Jr. 2001. Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata pallida) Nesting Behavior and Habitat Use. M.S. Thesis: San Jose State University. 48 pp + Appendices.

D

Dallara, Alexandra Zannie. 2011. The Role of Maternal Effect, Incubation Temperature, and Gender of Juvenile Growth of Capitve-raised Western Pond Turtle Hatchlings (Emys Marmorata). Unpublished M.S. Thesis: Sonoma State University. 27 pp.

Davenport, Gertrude C. 1898. Agassiz’s Work on the Embryology of the Turtle. American Naturalist. 32(375): pp 187-188.

Davenport, Guy. 1963. The Intelligence of Louis Agassiz: A specimen book of scientific writings. Beacon Press: Boston. 237 pp.

Davis, Caroline J. 1998. Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata pallida) Winter Habitat Use and Behavior. M.S. Thesis: San Jose State University. 64 pp.

De Lisle, Harold, Cantu Gilbert, Jerrold Feldner, Paul O’Conner, Max Peterson and Philip Brown. 1986. The Distribution and Present Status of the Herpetofauna of the Santa Monica Mountains of Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, California. Special Publication #2 of the Southwestern Herpetologists Society and the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 94 pp.

Devaux, B. 2003. Evolution Taxonomique D’un Genre de Tortues; Les Clemmys. La Tortue. 63/64. pp 14-25. See also: Les ex-Clemmys: Actinemys marmorata. pp 31-32 (sidebar).

Dickerson, D.D., K.J. Reine and K.L. Hermann. 1999. Wetland Turtle Habitats Potentially Impacted by USACE Reservoir Operations. EMRRP Technical Notes Collection (TN EMRRP-SI-04). U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg MS. http://www.wes.army.mil/el/emrrp

Dillon, Brian D. and Judy Porcasi. 1990. Turtling at Ancient Lake Tulare. TULARG Report: Newsletter of the Tulare Lake Archaeological Research Group. 3(6): pp 1-9.

Dillon, Brian D., Judy Porcasi, Ted Gutman, Paul Porcasi, and Frank Wood. Preliminary Report on Excavations at the Creighton Ranch Site (CA-TUL-1613), Tulare County, California. pp 61-70 in Wallace, William J. and Francis A. Riddell (eds.). 1991. Contributions to Tulare Lake Archaeology I: Background to a Study of Tulare Lake’s Archaeological Past. The Tulare Lake Archaeological Research Group. 70 pp.

Dunagan, Christopher. 2002. “Slow-moving Traffic: Virtually Extinct Animal Found on CK Road – Rare reptile shell-shocks experts.” The Sun. September 7th. http://www.thesunlink.com/news/2002/september/0907turtle.html

Dundas, Robert G., Randall B. Smith, and Kenneth L. Verosub. 1996. The Fairmead Landfill Locality (Pleistocene, Irvingtonian), Madera County, California: Preliminary Report and Significance. PaleoBios. 17(2-4): pp 50-58 in Bell, Christopher J. and Stuart S. Sumida (Eds.). 1996. The Uses of Vertebrate Fossils in Biostratigraphic Correlation. 69 pp.

E

Edwards, Jim. 2000. Corps of Engineers Helps Turtles Win Survival Race. http://www.hq.usace.army.mil/cepa/pubs/dec00/story11.htm

Ernst, Carl H. and Roger W. Barbour. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution. p 192.

Ernst, Carl H., Jeffrey E. Lovich, and Roger W. Barbour. 1994. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution. pp 234-239.

Ernst, Carl H. 2001 An Overview of the North American Turtle Genus Clemmys Ritgen, 1828. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 4(1): pp 211-216.

Evans, Tim. 1991. A Turtle Tragedy. The Kansas Herpetological Society. 84: pp 9-11.

Evenden, Fred G. Jr. 1948. Distribution of Turtles in Western Oregon. Herpetologica. 4(6): pp 201-204.

Ewert, Michael A. and Craig E. Nelson. 1991. Sex Determination in Turtles: Diverse Patterns and Some Possible Adaptive Values. Copeia. 1: pp 50-69.

Ewert, Michael A., Dale R. Jackson and Craig E. Nelson. 1994. Patterns of Temperature-Dependant Sex Determination in Turtles. Journal of Experimental Zoology. 270: pp 3-15.

F

Feldman, Mark. 1982. Notes on Reproduction in Clemmys marmorata. Herpetological Review. 13(1): pp 10-11.

Feldman, Chris R. and James Ford Parham. 2001. Molecular Systematics of Emydine Turtles. Linnaeus Fund Research Report. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 4(1): pp 224-228.

Feldman, Chris R. and James Ford Parham. 2002. Molecular Phylogenetics of Emydine Turtles: Taxonomic Revision and the Evolution of Shell Kinesis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 22(3): pp 388-398. http://bioweb.usu.edu/elgaria/Feldman_Parham_02.pdf

Fellers, Gary M. and Brian W. Arnold. 1992. A Checklist of Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of Pinnacles National Monument. Published by the Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.

Fidenci, Pierre. 1999. Relationship Between Cattle Grazing and the Western Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata Populations in Point Reyes National Seashore. Thesis: University of San Francisco.

Fidenci, Pierre. 2002. Clemmys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle). Herpetological Review. 33(2): pp 147.

Fidenci, Pierre. 2005. A New Technique for Capturing Pacific Pond Turtles (Actinemys marmorta) and a Comparison with Traditional Trapping Methods. Herpetological Review. 36(3): pp 266-267.

Fidenci, Pierre. 2005. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle) Size. Herpetological Review. 36(4): p 440.

Fidenci, Pierre. 2007. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle) Eggs. Herpetological Review. 38(3). p 327.

Fisher, Jacob L. 2007. Western Pond Turtle (Actinemys marmorata): Achaeology and Biogeography in the Puget Sound Region. http://students.washington.edu/jacobf/Poster.pdf

Fitch, Henry S. 1936. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Rogue River Basin, Oregon. American Midland Naturalist. 17(3): pp 634-652.

Forsman, Anders and Richard Shine. 1995. Sexual Size Dimorphism in Relation to Frequency of Reproduction in Turtles (Testudines: Emydidae). Copeia. 3: pp 727-729.

Fritz, Uwe and Peter Havas. 2007. Checklist of Chelonians of the World. Vertebrate Zoology. 57(2): pp 149-368.

Fritz, Uwe, Christian Schmidt, and Carl H. Ernst. 2011. Competing Generic Concepts for Blanding’s, Pacific and European Pond Turtles (Emydoidea, Actinemys and Emys)–Which is Best? Zootaxa. 2791: pp 41-53.

Frye, Fredric L., Lyndon S. Oshiro, Frank R. Dutra and John D. Carney. 1977. Herpesvirus-like Infection in Two Western Pond Turtles. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 171(9): pp 882-884.

Frye, Fredric L. 1999. Spontaneous Autoimmune Pancreatitis and Diabetes Mellitis in a Western Pond Turtle, Clemmys m. marmorata. In the Proceedings of the Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians: Sixth Annual Conference. October 5-9th: pp 103-106.

Fujita, Matthew K., Tag N. Engstrom, David E. Starkey and H. Bradley Shaffer. 2004. Turtle Phylogeny: Insights from a Novel Nuclear Intron. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Article in Press. http://www2.eve.ucdavis.edu/shafferlab/pdfs/FujitaMolPhyloEvo2004.pdf

G

Gaffney, Eugene S. 1979. Comparative Cranial Morphology of Recent and Fossil Turtles. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 164(2): pp 65-376. http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/565/1/B164a02.pdf

Garrison, Bob. 1998. Watchable Wildlife: Western Pond Turtle. Outdoor California. May-June, 59(3). http://www.dfg.ca.gov/watchable/turtl.html

Germano, David J. 1999-2000. Occurrence of a Colonial Protozoan on the Western Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata. Herpetological Natural History. 7(1): pp 67-71.

Germano, David J. 2010. Ecology of Western Pond Turtles (Actinemys marmorata) at Sewage-Treatment Facilities in the San Joaquin Valley, California. The Southwestern Naturalist. 55(1): pp 89-97.

Germano, David J. and R. B. Bury. 1998. Age Determination in Turtles: Evidence of Annual Deposition of Scute Rings. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 3(1): pp 123-132.

Germano, David J. and R. B. Bury. 2001. Western Pond Turtles (Clemmys marmorata) in the Central Valley of California: Status and Population Structure. Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society. 37: pp 22-36.

Germano, David J. and R. Bruce Bury. 2009. Variation in Body Size, Growth, and Population Structure of Actinemys marmorata from Lentic and Lotic Habitats in Southern Oregon. Journal of Herpetology. 43(3): pp 510-520.

Girard, Charles F. 1858. United States Exploring Expedition During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Vol. XX. Herpetology: with a Folio Atlas. J.B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia. pp 461-470. [see also Baird 1858]

Girard, Charles F. 1858. United States Exploring Expedition During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Atlas. Herpetology. J.B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia. [Plate 32] [see also Baird 1858]

Gist, Brooks D. 1976. Empire Out of the Tules. Thomson-Shore Inc.: Dexter, Michigan. pp 198-200.

Glaser, H.S. Robert. 1970. The Distribution of Amphibians and Reptiles in Riverside County, California. Riverside Museum Press, Series 1: pp 15-16.

Goodman, Robert H., Jr. 1997. The Biology of the Southwestern Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata pallida) in the Chino Hills State Park and the West Fork of the San Gabriel River. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, CA: 81 pp.

Goodman, Robert H. Jr. 1997. Occurrence of Double Clutching in the Southwestern Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata pallida, in the Los Angeles Basin. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 2(3): pp 419-420.

Goodman, Robert H. Jr. and Glenn Stewart. 1998. Clemmys marmorata pallida (Southwestern Pond Turtle). Coprophagy. Herpetological Review. 29(2): pp 98.

Goodman, Robert H. Jr. and Glenn R. Stewart. 2000. Aquatic Home Ranges of Female Western Pond Turtles, Clemmys marmorata, at Two Sites in Southern California. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 3(4): pp 743-745.

Gordon, Rebecca A. 2009. Effects of Incubation Temperature on the Embryonic Development and Hatching Success of the Western Pond Turtle (Emys marmorata). Unpublished M.S. Thesis: Sonoma State University. 38 pp.

Graf, William, Stanley G. Jewett, Jr. and Kenneth L. Gordon. 1939. Records of Amphibians and Reptiles from Oregon. Copeia. 2: pp 101-104.

Graham, T. 1997. Effective Predator Excluders for Turtle Nests. Herpetological Review. 28(2): p 76.

Grant, Gordon. 1985. “Geologists Discover a Rare Fossil Find at the End of the Road.” Los Angeles Times. April 20.

Gray, Elizabeth. 1993. Genetic Diversity in Western Pond Turtle Populations: A Study Based on DNA Fingerprinting. Prepared for the Center for Wildlife Conservation, Seattle, WA. 24 pp.

Gray, Elizabeth. 1995. DNA Fingerprinting Reveals a Lack of Genetic Varition in Northern Populations of the Western Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata. Conservation Biology. 9(5): pp 1244-1255.

Gray, John Edward. 1870. Supplement to the Catalogue of Shield Reptiles in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Testudinata (Tortoises) with Figures of the Skulls of 36 Genera. London: p 27.

Gray, John Edward. 1872. Appendix to the Catalogue of Shield Reptiles in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Testudinata (Tortoises). London: p 11.

Gray, John Edward. 1872. On Emys nigra from Upper California. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4): pp 54-55.

Gray, John Edward. 1872. On the Actinemys marmorata of Mr. Lord, from British Columbia. Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the Year 1872. London: pp 872-874.

Greenbaum, Eli and Omar Torres-Carvajal (Editors). 2003. Current Research: Systematics of Emydine Turtles. Herpetological Review. 34(3): p 190. Summary of Feldman, Chris R. and James Ford Parham. 2002. Molecular Phylogenetics of Emydine Turtles: Taxonomic Revision and the Evolution of Shell Kinesis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 22(3): pp 388-398.

Grinnell, Joseph and Charles Lewis Camp. 1917. A Distributional List of the Amphibians and Reptiles of California. University of California Publications in Zoology. 17(10): p 199.

Grinnell, Joseph and Hilda Wood Grinnell. 1907. Reptiles of Los Angeles County, California. Throop Institute Bulletin (Pasadena, California). 35: pp 18-19.

Grinnell, Joseph, Joseph Dixon and Jean M. Linsdale. 1930. Vertebrate Natural History of a Section of Northern California Through the Lassen Peak Region. University of California Publications in Zoology. 35: p 154.

Grismer, L. Lee. 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Baja California, Including Its Pacific Islands and the Islands in the Sea of Cortés. University of California Press. 409 pp.

H

H.S. Crocker Co. (1907, 1910-1916, 1918-1924). Crocker-Langley San Francisco Directory. San Francisco.

Hallowell, Edward, M.D. 1854. Descriptions of New Reptiles from California. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 7: pp 91-97. http://itgmv1.fzk.de/www/itg/uetz/herp/library/PANSP/Hallowell_1854_91.pdf

Hallowell, Edward. 1859. Report of Explorations in California for Railroad Routes to Connect with the Routes near the 35th and 32nd Parallels of North Latitude. Compiled by Lieutenant R. S. Williamson, Corps of Topographical Engineers. Zoological Report. (Report Upon Reptiles of the Route) Volume X, Part IV, No. 1. [http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa&idno=AFK4383.0010.006] [Text – page 3] [Plate I. Emys nigra, Hallow. – page 24] As part of the: Reports of explorations and surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. A.O.P. Nicholson, Washington. 1856-1860. [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpcoop/moahtml/afk4383.html]

Haslam, Gerald. 1993. The Lake That Will Not Die. California History. LXXII(3): pp 256-271.

Hattori, Eugene M. 1982. The Archaeology of Falcon Hill, Winnemucca Lake, Washo County, Nevada. Nevada State Museum. Anthropological Papers No. 18. Carson City, Nevada. 208 pp.

Hay, O.P. 1903. Two New Species of Fossil Turtles from Oregon. University of California Publications: Bulletin of the Department Geology. 3(10): pp 237-241.

Hays, David W., Kelly R. McAllister, Scott A. Richardson, and Derek W. Stinson. 1999. Washington State Recovery Plan for the Western Pond Turtle. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. 66 pp. http://www.wa.gov/wdfw/wlm/diversty/soc/recovery/pondturt/wptfinal.pdf

Henny, Charles J., Kat F. Beal, R. Bruce Bury and Rebecca Goggans. 2003. Organochlorine Pesticides, PCBs, Trace Elements and Metals in Western Pond Turtle Eggs from Oregon. Northwest Science 77(1): pp 46-53.

Herber, Elmer Charles. 1963. Correspondence Between Spencer Fullerton Baird and Louis Agassiz – Two Pioneer American Naturalists. The Smithsonian Institution: Washington. 237 pp.

Hill, Paige M. 2006. Actinemys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle) Neonates. Herpetological Review. 37(1): p 76.

Holland, Dan C. 1985. An Ecological and Quantitative Study of the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata) in San Luis Obispo County, California. Unpublished Master’s Thesis: California State University at Fresno. 181pp.

Holland, Dan C. 1985. Clemmys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle) Feeding. Herpetological Review. 16(4): pp 112-113.

Holland, Dan C. 1988. Clemmys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle) Behavior. Herpetological Review. 19(4): pp 87-88.

Holland, Dan C. 1989. Synopsis of the Ecology and Current Status of the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata). Unpublished Report to USFWS National Ecology Research Center, Ft. Collins, CO: 38 pp.

Holland, Dan C. 1991. Status and Reproductive Dynamics of a Population of Western Pond Turtles (Clemmys marmorata) in Klickitat County in 1991. Washington. Report to Nongame Division, Washington Department of Wildlife.

Holland, Dan C. 1991. A Survey of the Distribution and Status of the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata) in Oregon ­ a Preliminary Proposal for Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife. Unpublished Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife. 9 pp.

Holland, Dan C. 1991. Western Pond Turtle – Washington Status Report. Final Report to Washington Department of Wildlife, Olympia, WA: 26 pp.

Holland, Dan C. 1992. Level and Pattern in Morphological Variation: A Phylogeographic Study of the Western Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata. PhD Dissertation: University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

Holland, Dan C. 1992. A Synopsis of the Ecology and Status of the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata) in 1991. Report to National Ecology Research Center, USFWS, San Simeon, CA.

Holland, Dan C. 1994. The Western Pond Turtle: Habitat and History. Final Report. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration. http://www.efw.bpa.gov/Environment/EW/EWP/DOCS/REPORTS/WILDLIFE/W62137-1.pdf

Holland, Dan C. and Robert H. Goodman, Jr. 1996. Clemmys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle) Terrestrial Habitat Use. Herpetological Review. 27(4): pp 198-199.

Holman, J. Alan and Uwe Fritz. 2001. A New Emydine Species from the Medial Miocene (Barstovian) of Nebraska, USA with a New Generic Arrangement for the Species of Clemmys sensu McDowell (1964) (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae). Zoologische Abhandlungen. 51(19): pp 321-343.

Holte, Deborah Lyn. 1998. Nest Site Characteristics of the Western Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata, at Fern Ridge Reservoir, in West Central Oregon. Unpublished M.S. Thesis: Oregon State University. 106 pp.

Holzhauser, Nancy and Alan Work. Western Pond Turtles Need Your Help: A Landowner’s Guide for Creating Pond Turtle Habitat in the McKenzie Valley. Informational Brochure: The McKenzie Watershed Council & Environmental Solutions.

Horn, R.B. 1998. Western Pond Turtle Survey and Monitoring Umpqua Basin Pilot Study. Unpublished. 27 pp.

Hovey, Tim E. 2002. Native vs. Nonnative: Sorting Out Southern California’s Stream Community. Outdoor California. March-April. pp 29-33.

Humes, Edward. 1999. Mean Justice. Simon and Schuster, New York: p 18.

Hurter, Julius. 1912. Reptiles and Batrachians of Laguna Beach. First Annual Report of the Laguna Marine Laboratory at Laguna Beach, Orange County, California. p 67.

Hylkema, Mark G. 1994. Tamien Station Archaeological Project. pp. 249-270. In: Bean, Lowell John. 1994. The Ohlone Past and Present: Native Americans of the San Francisco Bay Region. Ballena Press Anthrolopological Papers No. 42. Ballena Press: Menlo Park.

Hymon, Steve. 2002. “Out There: Tough Shells Cannot Protect Turtles’ Future; Loss of Habitat in the Santa Monica Mountains Threatens Western Pond Species.” The Los Angeles Times. July 27th.

I

Ingles, L.G. 1930. A New Species of Telorchis from the Intestine of Clemmys marmorata. Journal of Parisitology. 17: pp 101-103.

Iverson, John B. 1986. A Checklist with Distribution Maps of Turtles of the World. Privately printed, Paust Printing, Richmond, Indiana: p 77.

Iverson, John B. 1992. A Revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. Privately Printed, Richmond, Indiana: p 173.

J

Janzen, Fredric J., Stacia L. Hoover and Bradley H. Shaffer. 1997. Molecular Phylogeography of the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata): Preliminary Results. Linnaeus Fund Research Report. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 2(4): pp 623-626.

Jennings, Mark R. 1987. Annotated Check List of the Amphibians and Reptiles of California. Second Revised Edition. Special Publication No. 3, Southwestern Herpetological Society. pp 20-21.

Jennings, Mark R. 1996. Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata). Draft. August 15.

Jennings, Mark R. 2000. Western Pond Turtle: Clemmys marmorata. In: Goals Project. Baylands Ecosystem Species and Community Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Key Plants, Fish, and Wildlife. Prepared by the San Francisco Bay Area Wetlands Ecosystem Goals Project. P.R. Olofson, editor. San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, Oakland, California. pp 204-207.

Jennings, Mark R. 2004. “Use of Herpetological Museum Specimens Collected by Joseph Grinnell and His Students: A 21st Century Perspective.” The Grinnell Legacy: Using Historical Records to Address Contemporary Conservation Concerns in California. 2004 Annual Conference of the Western Section of The Wildlife Society. Rohnert Park, CA, 27 February 2004.

Jennings, Mark R. and Marc P. Hayes. 1994. Amphibian and Reptile Species of Special Concern in California. Final Report Submitted to the California Department of Fish and Game, Inland Fisheries Division. pp 98-103. http://www.dfg.ca.gov/hcpb/info/herp%5Fssc.pdf

Jennings, Mark R. 2004. An Annotated Check List of the Amphibians and Reptiles of California and Adjacent Waters. Third, Revised Edition. California Fish and Game 90(4): 161-213.

Jennings, Mark R. and Roger L. Hothem. 2005. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle) Diet. Herpetological Review. 36(1): p 56.

Jennings, Mark R., Marc P. Hayes and Dan C. Holland. 1992. A Petition to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to Place the California Red-legged Frog (Rana aurora draytonii) and the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata) on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Letter to Regional Director Marvin Plenert, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 1. January 15.

Jordan, David Starr. 1887. Section II. A Geographical Review of the Fisheries Industries and Fishing Communities for the Year 1880; Part XVI. The Fisheries of the Pacific Coast; Section B. – California and its Fishery Interests; Chapter 219. The Fisheries of San Francisco County. p 613. In: Goode, George Brown. 1887. The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States. Washington: Government Printing Office. [NOAA’s link to the digitized version by section] [Section I – 64 megs] [Section I Plates – 42 megs] [Section II – 61 megs] [Section III – 19 megs] [Section IV – 14 megs] [Section V, Vol. 1 – 57 megs] [Section V Plates – 20 megs] [Section V, Vol. 2 – 63 megs] [see also True 1884]

K

Koo, Michelle S., Cindy Roberts and Jens V. Vindum. 1999. New County Records for Butte, Nevada, Plumas, and Yuba Counties, California, USA. Herpetological Review. 30(3): pp 178-179.

Kroeber, A.L. 1976. Handbook of the Indians of California: With 419 Illustrations and 40 Maps. Dover Publications, Inc., New York.

L

Lam, Chau. 1994. “West Hills: More Ailing Turtles Expected to Die.” The Los Angeles Times. May 19th.

Lamb, Trip and Justin D. Congdon. 1985. Ash Content: Relationships to Flexible and Rigid Eggshell Types of Turtles. Journal of Herpetology. 19(4): pp 527-530.

Lambert, M.R., S.N. Nielsen, A.N. Wright, R.C. Thomson, and H.B. Shaffer. In press. Microhabitat Characteristics Favor Introduced Red-Eared Sliders Over Threatened Western Pond Turtles in a Human-Dominated Landscape. Chelonian Conservation and Biology.

Landis, Wayne G., Thomas A. Storch. 1991. Habitat Assessment of the Western Pond Turtle. Institute of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Institute for Watershed Studies, Huxley College of Environmental Studies, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA.:19 pp + Appendices.

Lardie, Richard L. 1975. Notes on Eggs of Young Clemmys marmorata marmorata (Baird and Girard). Occasional Papers: Museum of Natural History, University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington. 47: pp 654.

La Rivers, Ira. 1942. Some New Amphibian and Reptile Records from Nevada. Journal of Entomology and Zoology. 34(3): pp 53-68.

Latta, Frank Forrest. 1937-1938. Little Journeys in the San Joaquin. (This series ran in the Livingston [Merced County, California] Chronicle from July 15, 1937 – January 20, 1938). Scrapbook (Clippings). Bancroft Library Archives. pp 3, 11, 13-14, 42-43.

Latta, Frank Forrest. 1949. Handbook of Yokuts Indians. Bear State Books: Oildale, California.

League, Bill. 1969. Turtle of the Month: Ojai, the “California” Pond Turtle. The Tortuga Gazette. 5(8): pp 5-6.

Leatham, Tanya M. 1994. 1993 Study of the Western Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata at Kirk Park, Fern Ridge Reservoir, Oregon. Report to US Army Corps of Engineers.

Leatherman, Brian M and Mark R. Jennigs. 2007. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle) and Trachemys scripta elegans (Red-eared Slider) Reproductive Behavior. Herpetological Review. 38(3). p 327.

Lenk, P., U. Fritz, U. Joger, and M. Winks. 1999. Mitochondrial Phylogeography of the European Pond Turtle, Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus 1758). Molecular Ecology. 8: pp 1911 – 1922.

Lightfoot, Kent G. and Otis Parrish. 2009. California Indians and their Environment, An Introduction. California Natural History Guide Series No. 96. University of California Press: Berkeley, California. 512 pp.

Linsdale, Jean Myron. 1932. Amphibians and Reptiles from Lower California. University of California Publications in Zoology. 38(6): pp 385.

Lockington, W.N. 1879. Zoology: Notes on Some Reptiles and Batrachia of the Pacific Coast. American Naturalist. 13(12): pp 780-787.

Logier, Eugene B. Shelley and G.C. Toner. 1955. Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Canada and Alaska. Contributions to the Royal Ontario Museum of Zoology and Palaeontology. 41: pp 45-46.

Lord, John Keast. 1866. The Naturalist in Vancouver Island and British Columbia: In Two Volumes – Volume II. London: Richard Bentley. pp 100-102, 301.

Lovich, Jeffrey E. Western Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata. United States Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center. http://www.ca.blm.gov/pdfs/cdd_pdfs/clemmys1.PDF

Lovich, Jeffrey E. and Kathie Meyer. 2002. The Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata) in the Mojave River, California, USA: Highly Adapted Survivor or Tenuous Relict? Journal of Zoology, London 256: pp 537-545. http://www.werc.usgs.gov/hq/pdfs/pondturtle.pdf

Lovich, Jeffrey E., Arndt F. Laemmerzahl, Carl H. Ernst and John F. McBreen. 1991. Relationships Among Turtles of the Genus Clemmys (Reptilia, Testudines, Emydidae) as Suggested by Plastral Scute Morphology. Zoologica Scripta. 20(4): pp 425-429.

Lovich, Robert E., Clark R. Mahrdt, and Barry Downer. 2005. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle) Mexico: Baja California Norte. Herpetological Review 36(2): pp 200-201.

Lovich, Robert E., Thomas S. Akre, John Blackburn, Tony Robison, and Clark Mahrdt. 2007. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle). Mexico: Baja California Norte. Herpetological Review. 38(2): pp 216-217.

Lower Columbia Fish Recovery Board. 2004. Lower Columbia Salmon and Steelhead Recovery and Subbasin Plan – Draft. Vol. III, Ch. 10: Western Pond Turtle. pp 10-1 – 10-29.

Lubcke, Glen M. 2006. Actinemys marmorata (Pacific Pond Turtle) Size. Herpetological Review. 37(3): p 339.

Lubcke, Glen M. and Dawn S. Wilson. 2007. Variation in Shell Morphology of the Western Pond Turtle (Actinemys marmorata Baird and Girard) from Three Aquatic Habitats in Northern California. Journal of Herpetology. 41(1): pp 107-114.

Luke, Claudia and David Sterner. 2000. Possible Impacts of the Cantara Spill on Reptile Populations Along the Upper Sacramento River. California Fish and Game. 86(1): pp 61-71.

M

Manning, Tom. 1990. Summer Feeding Habits of River Otter (Lutra canadensis) on the Mendocino National Forest, California. Northwestern Naturalist. 71: pp 38-42.

McDowell, S.B. 1964. Partition of the Genus Clemmys and Related Problems in the Taxonomy of the Aquatic Testudinidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 143(2): pp 239-79.

McKeown, Sean and Dan C. Holland. 1985. Clemmys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle) Size. Herpetological Review. 16(2): pp 59.

McLain, Robert Baird. 1899. Critical Notes on a Collection of Reptiles from the Western Coast of the United States: pp 12-24 in Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 1971. Contributions to North American Herpetology. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles – Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology: 26 pp.

Meek, Seth Eugene. 1905. Annotated List of a Collection of Reptiles from Southern California and Northern Lower California. Field Columbian Museum, Zoological Series Publication 104, 7(1): p 3.

Merkle Donald A. 1975. A Taxonomic Analysis of the Clemmys Complex (Reptilia: Testudines) Utilizing Starch Gel Electrophoresis. Herpetologica. 31: pp 162-166.

Meyer, Erik, Donald Sparling, and Steve Blumenshine. 2013. Regional inhibition of cholinesterase in free-ranging western pond turtles (Emys marmorata) occupying California mountain streams. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 32(3): pp 692–698.

Meyer, Kathie, Ed Ervin, Melanie Madden-Smith, Stacie Hathaway and Robert Fisher. 2003. Arroyo Toad and Western Pond Turtle in the San Diego Multiple Species Conservation Program Area, 2002: Interim Report. U.S. Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center.

Meyer, Kathie, Melanie Madden-Smith and Robert Fisher. 2003. Who Let the Turtles Out? Who? Who? Who? – Preliminary Observations Suggest Exotic Turtles are Widespread in San Diego Watersheds while Native Western Pond Turtles (Clemmys marmorata) Occur at Few Locations. Presentation to the 2003 Annual Conference of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society.

Miller, Karen J. and Kelly Hornaday. 1999. Draft Recovery Plan for the Giant Garter Snake (Thamnopsis gigas). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Appendix C: Species Accounts for Wetland Wildlife Species of Concern that Co-occur with the Giant Garter Snake in the Central Valley – Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata). pp 116-131.

Milner, R. 1986. Status of the Western Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata in Northwestern Washington. Final Report to Washington Dept of Wildlife, Olympia, WA.

Mitchell, Annie R. 1970. Phantom Tulare Lake. Tulare County Historical Society Newsletter.1(8). pp. 169-170. July.

Mitchell, Annie R. 1972. Land of the Tules. Valley Publishers, Fresno, California: p 4.

Moriarty, John (Editor). 2001. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in our Understanding. S.S.A.R.: p 77.

Morey, S. 1988. Western Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata. California’s Wildlife: Volume 1 – Amphibians and Reptiles. pp 100 -101.

Moyle, Peter B. 1973. Effects of Introduced Bullfrogs, Rana catesbeiana, on the Native Frogs of the San Joaquin Valley, California. Copeia. 1: pp 18-22.

Munson, John P. 1904. Researches on the Oogenesis of the Tortoise, Clemmys marmorata. The American Journal of Anatomy. 3: pp 311-347, and 7 plates.

N

Noble, Glenn A. and Elmer R. Noble. 1940. A Brief Anatomy of the Turtle. Stanford University Press, California: 48 pp, Plates I-XXI.

Nordby, J. Cully. 1992. Inventory Survey of the Western Pond Turtle, 1992. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife: Wildlife Management Program. 18 pp + Appendix.

O

Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA). © 2003. California Wildlife Biology, Exposure Factor, and Toxicity Database (Cal/Ecotox). Query: Western Pond Turtle. http://www.oehha.org/scripts/cal_ecotox/SPECIES.ASP

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). Living With Wildlife – Clemmys marmorata: Western Pond Turtle. http://www.dfw.state.or.us/ODFWhtml/InfoCntrWild/turtles.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 1999. Oregon’s Western Pond Turtle: Private Landowners Can Help Their Survival. Wild Flyer. pp 1-2. http://www.dfw.state.or.us/ODFWhtml/InfoCntrWild/Diversity/99spring.pdf

Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB) Productions. 1995. Pond Turtles. Oregon Field Guide: Program # 407. VHS Video Cassette (10 minutes).

Osborne, Douglas, Robert Crabtree and Alan Bryan. 1952. Archaeological Investigations in the Chief Joseph Reservoir. American Antiquity. 17(4): 99 360-373.

P

Page Museum – La Brea Tar Pits. 2001. Pit 91 Excavation. http://www.tarpits.org/research/pit91/findings.html

Parham, James Ford and Chris R. Feldman. 2002. Generic Revisions of Emydine Turtles. Turtle and Tortoise Newsletter. Issue 6: pp 28-30. http://www.chelonian.org/ttn/archives/ttn6/pp28-30.shtml

Palace Hotel Restaurant. 1904. Dinner Menu for the evening of Sunday, December 25. San Francisco, California.

Palmer, E. Laurence. 1975. Fieldbook of Natural History. Second Edition. Revised by H. Seymour Fowler. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York. pp 532-533.

Pilliod, David S.,  Justin L. Welty, and Robert Stafford. 2013. Terrestrial Movement Patterns of Western Pond Turtles (Actinemys marmorata) in Central California. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 8(1): pp 207–221.

Pires, Marcelo Nolla. 2001. Allocation of Reproductive Output in the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata) in Southern California. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. California State Polytechnic University at Pomona. 62 pp.

Polo-Cavia, N., T. Engstrom, P. Lopez, and J. Martin. 2010. Body Condition Does Not Predict Immunocompetence of Western Pond Turtles in Altered Versus Natural Habitats. Animal Conservation. 13(3): pp 256-264.

Pope, C.H. 1961. Turtles of the U.S. and Canada. Knopf Publishing, New York. 343 pp.

Porcasi, Judith F. 2000. Part 2. Analysis of Faunal Remains Recovered From CA-TUL-1613, The Creighton Ranch Nature Preserve Site, Tulare County, California. pp 11-55. In: Porcasi, Judith F. (ed.) 2000. Contributions to Tulare Lake Archaeology III: Archaeological Investigations at CA-TUL-1613, The Creighton Ranch Site, Tulare County, California. The Tulare Lake Archaeological Research Group. 84 pp.

Q

R

R.L. Polk & Co. (1925-1931). Crocker-Langley San Francisco Directory. San Francisco.

Rathbun, Galen B., Mark R. Jennings, Thomas G. Murphey and Nancy R. Seipel. 1993. Status and Ecology of Sensitive Aquatic Vertebrates in Lower San Simeon and Pico Creeks, San Luis Obispo County, California. Unpublished Report to National Ecology Research Center, Piedras Blancas Research Station, San Simeon, California, 93452-0070. Cooperative Agreement 14-16-0009-91-1909. 103 pp.

Rathbun, Galen B., Nancy Siepel and Dan Holland. 1992. Nesting Behavior and Movements of Western Pond Turtles, Clemmys marmorata. The Southwestern Naturalist. 37(3): pp 319-324.

Rathbun, Galen B., Norman J. Scott Jr., and Thomas G. Murphy. 2002. Terrestrial Habitat use By Pacific Pond Turtles in a Mediterranean Climate. The Southwestern Naturalist. 47(2): pp 225-235.

Reed, Robert N. and J. Whitfield Gibbons. 2004. Conservation Status of Live U.S. Nonmarine Turtles in Domestic and International Trade. A report to the U.S. Department of the Interior and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 92 pp.

Reese, Devin A. 1996. Comparative Demography and Habitat Use of Western Pond Turtles in Northern California: The Effects of Damming and Related Alterations. Unpublished PhD Dissertation: University of California at Berkeley. 253 pp. http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/rsl/projects/wild/reese/reese4.pdf

Reese, Devin A. and Hartwell H. Welsh. 1997. Use of Terrestrial Habitat by Western Pond Turtles, Clemmys marmorata: Implications for Management. In: Van Abbema, J. (ed). Proceedings: Conservation, Restoration, and Management of Tortoises and Turtles-An International Conference. New York Turtle and Tortoise Society. pp 352-357. http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/rsl/projects/wild/reese/reese3.pdf

Reese, Devin A. and Hartwell H. Welsh Jr. 1998. Comparative Demography of Clemmys marmorata Populations in the Trinity River of California in the Context of Dam-induced Alterations. Journal of Herpetology. 32(4): pp 505-515. http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/rsl/projects/wild/reese/reese1x.PDF

Reese, Devin A. and Hartwell H. Welsh Jr. 1998. Habitat Use by Western Pond Turtles in the Trinity River, California. Journal of Wildlife Management. 62(3): pp 842-853. http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/rsl/projects/wild/reese/reese2.PDF

Reynolds, Robert P., Steve W. Gotte, and Carl H. Ernst. 2007. Catalog of Type Specimens of Recent Crocodilia and Testudines in the National Mueum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Number 626. 49 pp.

Richards, Joanne. 2001. Metal Bridges – A New Technique of Turtle Shell Repair. Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery. 11(4): pp 31-34.

Rolle, Andrew. 1996. Turbulent Waters: Navigation and California’s Southern Central Valley. California History. LXXV(2): pp 128-137.

Römpp, Oliver. 1996. Clemmys marmorata, eine wenig bekannte Schildkröte aus Kalifornien (Clemmys marmorata, a little admitted turtle from California). EMYS. Vereinszeitschrift der Schildkrötenfreune Österreich. 3(1): pp 5-9.

Rosenberg, Daniel K. and Roberta Swift. 2010. Post-Emergence Behavior of Hatchling Western Pond Turtles. Final Report. Oregon Wildlife Institute, Corvallis, Oregon. 33 pp.

Ruthling, Paul D. R. 1915. Hibernation of Reptiles in Southern California. Copeia. 19: pp 10-11.

S

Schmidt, Karl Patterson. 1922. Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Gulf of California in Charge of C. H. Townsend, by the U.S. Fisheries Steamship ‘Albatross’, in 1911. Commander G.H. Burragem U.S. N. Commanding. VIII. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Lower California and the Neighboring Islands 46(11): pp. 607-707. http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/1153/1/B046a11.pdf

Schneider, Joan S. and G. Dicken Everson. 1989. The Desert Tortoise (Xerobates agassizii) in the Prehistory of the Southwestern Great Basin and Adjacent Areas. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology. 11(2): pp 175-202.

Schwall, Liz. 1998. Reptiles at Risk: Poaching is Threat to Many. Outdoor California. September – October: pp 7-9. Seeliger, L.M. 1945. Variation in the Pacific Mud Turtle. Copeia. 3: pp 150-159.

Shaffer, H. Bradley and Frederic J. Janzen. 1995. Final Report to the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Department on the Molecular Genetics of Clemmys marmorata. University of California, Davis. 3 pp.

Shaffer, H. Bradley, Peter Meylan and Mark L. McKnight. 1997. Tests of Turtle Phylogeny: Molecular, Morphological, and Paleontological Approaches. Systematic Biology. 46(2): pp 235-268. http://www2.eve.ucdavis.edu/shafferlab/pdfs/ShafferSystBiol1997.pdf

Shirek Family Papers. 1869. Pacific Mail S.S. Company’s Steamship Colorado: Bill of Fare (Menu). June 6th and 11th, of 10 folders. Carton No. C-B 344.

Shufeldt, R.W. 1919. Observations on the Chelonians of North America (Part IV). Aquatic Life. 4(12): pp 155-157.

Slater, James R. 1939. Clemmys marmorata in the State of Washington. Occasional Papers: Department of Biology, University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington. 20: pp 204-205.

Slater, James R. 1962. Variations and new range of Clemmys marmorata marmorata. Occasional Papers: Department of Biology, University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington. 20: pp 204-205.

Slavens, Kate and Frank Slavens. 1995. The Washington State Western Pond Turtle Project: Western Pond Turtle – Clemmys marmorata marmorata. http://www.pondturtle.com/ptproj.html

Smith, H.M. 1895. Notes of a reconnaissance of the Fisheries of the Pacific Coast of the United States in 1884. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. 14: pp 223-288.

Smith, Hobart M. and Rozella B. Smith. 1979. Synopsis of the Herpetofauna of Mexico. Volume VI: Guide to Mexican Turtles Bibliographic Addendum III. John Johnson, North Bennington, VT.

Smith, Joel Preston. 1993. A Tale of Two Turtles. Voice of the Turtle, San Diego Turtle and Tortoise Society. 22(12): pp 4-5.

Smithsonian Institute. 1985. Magnificent Voyagers: The U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. Southern California Edison Company. 2003. Attachment 4: Southwestern Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata pallida) Behavioral Responses to Kayaks and Rafts on the Lower Kern River, Kern County, California. Borel Hydroelectric Project (FERC No. 382): pp 1-17. http://www.borel.info/

Spinks, Phillip Q., Gregory B. Pauly, John J. Crayon and H. Bradley Shaffer. 2003. Survival of the western pond turtle (Emys marmorata) in an urban California environment. Biological Conservation.113: pp 257-267. http://www2.eve.ucdavis.edu/shafferlab/pdfs/SpinksBioCons2003.pdf

Spinks, Phillip Q. and H. Bradley Shaffer. 2005. Rangewide Molecular Analysis of the Western Pond Turtle (Emys marmorata): Cryptic Variation, Isolation by Distance, and Their Conservation Implications. Molecular Ecology. 14: pp 2047-2064. http://www2.eve.ucdavis.edu/shafferlab/pubs/SpinksMolEcol2005.pdf

Spinks, Phillip Q., Robert C. Thomson, and H. B. Shaffer. 2010. Nuclear Gene Phylogeography Reveals the Historical Legacy of an Ancient Inland Sea on Lineages of the Western Pond Turtle, Emys marmorata in California. Molecular Ecology 19: pp 542-556.

Spinks, Phillip Q., Robert C. Thomson, and H. Bradley Shaffer. 2014. The Advantages of Going Large: Genome-wide SNPs Clarify the Complex Population History and Systematics of the Threatened Western Pond Turtle. Molecular Ecology 23(9): 2228-2241.

Sproat, Gilbert Malcolm. 1868. Scenes and Studies of Savage Life. Smith, Elder and Co.: London. 317 pp.

State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California. 1892. Biennial Report of the State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California, for the years 1891-1892. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California. 1894. Thirteenth Biennial Report of the State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California, for the years 1893-1894. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California. 1900. Fifteenth Biennial Report of the State Board of Fish Commissioners of the State of California, for the years 1897-1898. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

State of California Fish and Game Commission. 1921. Twenty-Sixth Biennial Report for the Years 1918-1920. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

State of California Fish and Game Commission. 1923. Twenty-Seventh Biennial Report for the Years 1920-1922. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

State of California Fish and Game Commission. 1924. Twenty-Eighth Biennial Report for the Years 1922-1924. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

State of California Fish and Game Commission. 1927. Twenty-Ninth Biennial Report for the Years 1924-1926. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

State of California Fish and Game Commission. 1931. Thirty-First Biennial Report for the Years 1928-1930. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

State of California Fish and Game Commission. 1932. Thirty-Second Biennial Report for the Years 1930-1932. California State Printing Office: Sacramento, California.

Stebbins, Robert C. and Samuel M. McGinnis. 2012. Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of California (Revised Edition). University of California Press: Berkeley, California. 552 pp.

Stejneger, Leonhard. 1893. Annotated List of the Reptiles and Batrachians Collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with Descriptions of New Species. – with field notes by Dr. C. Hart Merriam. North American Fauna, No. 7. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Ornithology and Mammology. Washington D.C., 1893: p 162.

Stephens, Frank. 1921. An Annotated List of the Amphibians and Reptiles of San Diego County, California. Transactions, San Diego Society of Natural History 3(4): pp 57-69.

Stephens, Patrick R. and John J. Wiens. 2003. Ecological Diversification and Phylogeny of Emydid Turtles. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 79(4): pp 577-610. http://www.cnah.org/pdf_files/49.pdf

Stiehl, Richard B. 1970. Activity Patterns of Clemmys marmorata at Beagle Mill Pond. Unpublished M.S.Thesis: Southern Oregon College. 42 pp.

Stitt, Eric W., Dustin Brown and Peter Balfour. 2004. Trachemys scripta elegans (Red-eared Slider). Herpetological Review. 35(2): p 187.

Stock, Chester. 1965. Rancho La Brea: A Record of Pleistocene Life in California. Los Angeles County Museum. Science Series No. 20, Paleontology No. 11. Sixth Ed. pg 66.

Storer, Tracy I. 1916-1922. Field Notes. “Tracy Irwin Storer Collection,” California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco: pp 715-939 M.V.Z. [pp 913-914].

Storer, Tracy I. 1920-1924. Field Notes. “Tracy Irwin Storer Collection,” California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco: pp 371-702. [pp 400, 537, 583-585, 613-614].

Storer, Tracy I. 1925-1927. Field Notes. “Tracy Irwin Storer Collection,” California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco: pp 703-1064 [pp 749-750, 759-760, 833-836, 842b-842c, 871-872].

Storer, Tracy I. 1928-1930. Field Notes. “Tracy Irwin Storer Collection,” California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco: pp 1065-1362. [pp 1123, 1153-1155, 1164].

Storer, Tracy I. 1930. Notes on the Range and Life-History of the Pacific Fresh-Water Turtle, Clemmys marmorata. University of California Publications in Zoology. 32(5): pp 429-441.

Storer, Tracy I. 1931-1933. Field Notes. “Tracy Irwin Storer Collection,” California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco: pp 1363-1716 [pp 1485-1486, 1494, 1505-1510, 1699, 1715].

Storer, Tracy I. 1937. Further Notes on the Turtles of the North Pacific Coast of North America. Copeia. 1: pp 66-67.

Storer, Tracy I. and Robert L. Usinger. 1963. Sierra Nevada Natural History: an illustrated handbook. University of California Press.

Storm, Robert M. 1949. Clemmys marmorata from Tillamook County, Oregon. Herpetologica. 5(6): pp 144.

Strahle, Lise. 1994. Western Pond Turtles in the Nisqually Region, Past and Present: A Compilation and Summary of Surveys and Personal Communications. Independent Study for Saint Martin’s College, Lacey, WA.: 16 pp.

Strauch, Alexander. 1862. Chelonologische Studien, mit Besonderer Beziehungauf die Schildkrötensammlung der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, Série 7, 5(7): pp 108-117, Plate. [see also Bettelheim et al. 2005]

Strauch, Alexander. 1865. Die Vertheilung Schildkröten Über den Erdball. Ein Zoogeographischer Versuch. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, Série 7, 8(13): pp 68-69. [see also Bettelheim et al. 2005]

Strauch, Alexander. 1890. Bemerkungen Über die Schildkrötensammlung im Zoologischen Museum der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, Série 7, 38(2): pp 72-73. [see also Bettelheim et al. 2005]

Studebaker, Rebecca S. 2008. Actinemys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle). Predation Attempt. Herpetological Review. 39(4): pp 463-464.

T

Taft, A.C. 1944. Diamond-Back Terrapin Introduced into California. California Fish and Game. 30(2): pp 101-102.

Teasley, Michelle. 2001. “Museum to Study Turtle Interaction: Native species will share tank with outsider.” Record Searchlight. Wednesday, September 19th. http://www.reddingemployment.com/newsarchive/20010919lo027.shtml

Temple, Stanley A. 1987. Predation on Turtle Nests Increases Near Ecological Edges. Copeia (1): pp 250-252.

Thatcher, Vernon Everett. 1954. Helminth Parasites of the Pacific Terrapin, Clemmys marmorata (Baird and Girard). Thesis: Oregon State College. 26 pp + Appendix.

Thelander, Carl G. and Margo Crabtree (Eds). 1994. Life on the Edge – A Guide to California’s Endangered Natural Resources: Wildlife. BioSystems Books and Heyday Books: Berkeley. pp 265, 170-171.

Thompson, Thomas Hincklay. 1973. Official Historical Map of Tulare County: Compiled, Drawn, and Published from Personal Examinations and Surveys. Limited Editions of Visalia, Inc.: p 10.

Thompson, Robert C., Phillip Q. Spinks, and H. Bradley Shaffer. 2010. Distribution and Abundance of Invasive Red-Eared Sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans) in California’s Sacramento River Basin and Possible Impacts on Native Western Pond Turtles (Emys marmorata). Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 9(2): 297-302.

Todd, Laura L. 1999. The Ecology and Habitat Use of the Northwestern Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata marmorata) in a Lake in Southwestern Oregon. Master’s Thesis for Portland State University, Salem, OR.: 180 pp.

True, Frederick W. 1884. Section I. Natural History of Useful Aquatic Animals, with an Atlas of Two Hundred and Seventy-seven Plates; Part II. Reptiles and Batrachians; Section F. – Tortoises, Turtles, and Terrapins; Chapter 43. The Pond Tortoises. pp 157-158. In: Goode, George Brown. 1884. The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States. Washington: Government Printing Office. [NOAA’s link to the digitized version by section] [Section I – 64 megs] [Section I Plates – 42 megs] [Section II – 61 megs] [Section III – 19 megs] [Section IV – 14 megs] [Section V, Vol. 1 – 57 megs] [Section V Plates – 20 megs] [Section V, Vol. 2 – 63 megs] [see also Jordan 1887]

U

Ultsch, Gordon R. 2006. The Ecology of Overwintering Among Turtles: Where Turtles Overwinter and Its Consequences. Biological Reviews. 81(3): pp 339-367.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1992. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 90-day Finding and Commencement of Status Reviews for a Petition to List the Western Pond Turtle and California Red-legged Frog. 50 CFR, Part 17; 57(193): pp 45761-45762.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1993. News Release: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Finds Listing of the Western Pond Turtle Not Warranted. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service – Region 1. Portland, Oregon. August 11. 2 pp.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1993. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Notice of 1-Year Petition Finding on the Western Pond Turtle. 50 CFR, Part 17; 58(153): pp 42717-42718.

V

Van Denburgh, John. 1897. The Reptiles of the Pacific Coast and Great Basin – An Account of the Species Known to Inhabit California, and Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Nevada. Occasional Papers of the California Academy Of Sciences. V: pp 1-236.

Van Denburgh, John. 1912. Notes on Some Reptiles and Amphibians from Oregon, Idaho and Utah. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. Fourth Series. 3: pp 155-160.

Van Denburgh, John. 1917. Concerning the Origin of the Soft-Shelled Turtle, Aspidonectes californiana Rivers. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. Fourth Series. 7(2): pp 33-35.

Van Denburgh, John. 1922. The Reptiles of North America. Volume II, Snakes and Turtles. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences. 10: pp 973-978.

Van Denburgh, John and Joseph R. Slevin. 1921. A List of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the Peninsula of Lower California, with Notes on the Species in the Collection of the Academy. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. Fourth Series. 11(4): pp 49-72.

Van Leuven, Susan, Harriet Allen, Kate Slavens, Steven Clark, and David Anderson. 2004. Western Pond Turtle Head-Starting and Reintroduction, Jun. 2002 thru Sept. 2003. Progress Report. BPA Project #2001-027-00 (BPA Report DOE/BP-00005175-1). 20 pp. http://www.efw.bpa.gov/Environment/EW/EWP/DOCS/REPORTS/WILDLIFE/W00005175-1.pdf

W

Wallace W. Elliot and Co. 1883. History of Kern County, California, with Illustrations, Descriptive of its Scenery, Farms, Residences, Factories, Hotels, Business Houses, Schools, Churches, and Mines, from Original Drawings, with Biographical Sketches.

Wallace W. Elliot and Co., San Francisco, CA. Wallace W. Elliot and Co. 1883. History of Tulare County, California, with Illustrations, Descriptive of its Scenery, Farms, Residences, Factories, Hotels, Business Houses, Schools, Churches, and Mines, from Original Drawings, with Biographical Sketches.

Wallace W. Elliot and Co., San Francisco, CA. Wallace, William J. 1978. Southern Valley Yokuts. Pp 448-461. In: Sturtevant, William C. (ed.). 1978. Handbook of North American Indians. Vol. 8: California. Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 800 pp.

Wallace, William J. 2000. Tulare Lake’s Archaeological Past. pp 23-33. In: Wallace, William J. and Francis A. Riddell (eds.). 1991. Contributions to Tulare Lake Archaeology I: Background to a Study of Tulare Lake’s Archaeological Past. The Tulare Lake Archaeological Research Group. 70 pp.

Washington Department of Wildlife. 1993. Status of the Western Pond Turtle (Clemmys marmorata) in Washington. Unpublished Report. Washington Department of Wildlife, Olympia. 30 pp + Appendices. http://wdfw.wa.gov/archives/pdf/94012599.pdf

Welsh, Hartwell H. 1988. An Ecogeographic Analysis of the Herpetofauna of the Sierra San Pedro Martir Region, Baja California: With a Contribution to the Biogeography of the Baja California Herpetofauna. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. 46: pp 1-72.

White, W.L. 1910. Turtles and Turtling in Many Waters. Hunter Trader Trapper. 20(2): pp 17-20.

Wilcox, William A. 1895. Appendix: Fisheries of the Pacific Coast. pp 139-304. In: United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries. 1895. Report of the Commissioner for the Year Ending June 30, 1893. Part XIX. Washington: Government Printing Office. pp 62, 146, 148, 160-167, 209, 293. [Plate 7] [Plate 14]

Wilcox, Jeffery T. 2010. Actinemys (=Emys) marmorata (Western Pond Turtle). Predation. Herpetological Review. 41(2): pp 212.

Williams, Ernest Edward. 1950. Variation and Selection in the Cervical Central Articulation of Living Turtles. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 94(9): pp 505-562. http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/816/1/B094a09.pdf

Windbiel, Karey. 1998. Survey and Population Estimation of the Western Pond Turtle, Clemmys marmorata, in the Sierra National Forest. Senior Project: California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. 23 pp.

Woodland Park Zoo. 2002. Endangered Turtle Found Over Weekend to Contribute to Zoo’s Recovery Project. Press Release, September 9th. http://www.zoo.org/pressroom/pr/2002/pr9_09_2002.htm

Wright, Albert Hazen. 1918. Notes on Clemmys. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 31: pp 51-58.

X

Y

Z

Zug, G.R. 1969. Fossil Chelonians, Chrysemys and Clemmys, from the Upper Pliocene of Idaho. Great Basin Naturalist. 29(2): pp 82-87.

Advertisements
  1. Western Pond Turtle Literature – Citations New and Old | (bio)accumulation
  2. Western Pond Turtle Literature – Citations New and Old | (bio)accumulation

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s